Major General James E. Livingston, USMC (Ret)
Principal & CEO
A recipient of America’s highest military honor, the Medal of Honor, MajGen James E. Livingston, USMC (Ret) is a founder of Kronos Advisory. Throughout his 33-year career with the Marine Corps Gen Livingston served in numerous leadership roles. Following advancement to Brigadier General on June 10, 1988, he served as Deputy Director for Operations at the National Military Command Center in Washington. During operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, Gen Livingston commanded the Marine Air Ground Combat Center, 29 Palms, California, and developed the Desert Warfare Training Program. After command of the 1st Marine Expeditionary Brigade, he was advanced to Major General on July 8, 1991, and assumed command of the 4th Marine Division. In July 1992, Gen Livingston assumed command of the newly created Marine Reserve Force, and continued through its reorganization in October 1994, with its new title, Marine Forces Reserve. Gen Livingston is a graduate of the Amphibious Warfare School, the Marine Corps Command and Staff College, and the Air War College. Since his retirement from the Marine Corps he has continued to advise senior defense officials on force development and transformation, as well as an array of policy development activities.
Michael S. Smith II
Principal & COO
Michael S. Smith II is a founder of Kronos Advisory. A terrorism researcher and formally-trained intelligence analyst specializing in OSINT collection and exploitation, Smith tracks the influence operations of Salafi-Jihadist elements comprising the Global Jihad movement, with particular focus on the online recruitment and incitement campaign managed by the Islamic State. Prior to organizing Kronos, Smith served as a Research Fellow and Government Relations Officer at The NEFA Foundation, a nonprofit research institute devoted to exposing the organizations and individuals who plan, fund, and commit acts of terrorism, with focus on radical Islamist elements. Smith began advising members of the United States Congress on terror-related issues during this time, and his work assisting elected officials in Washington with national security issues has continued since his departure from NEFA in March 2011. As a Contributing Expert to the Congressional Anti-Terrorism Caucus (ATC) Smith provided terrorism-focused research and analysis services to nearly 100 members of the US Senate and House of Representatives concerned with improving America’s counter-terrorism posture. Of note, his April 2011 report for the ATC on Iran’s ties to al-Qa’ida titled “The al-Qa’ida-Qods Force Nexus: Scratching the surface of a known unknown” was both entered into the Congressional Record and included among the source documents distributed to Congress by authors of the Countering Iran in the Western Hemisphere Act of 2012 (signed into law in December 2012). More recently, Smith has served as a contributing expert to the Congressional Taskforce on Terrorism and Unconventional Warfare, briefing the taskforce chair on such topics as the Iranian regime’s sponsorship of various terrorist groups and developments in Syria and Iraq. Smith’s work assisting federal officials and his perspectives on terrorism-related developments have been covered by major media organizations, including, among others, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, NBC, CNN, Fox News Channel, Foreign Policy, Time, Newsweek, The Times of London, The Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse (AFP), BBC and Al Arabiya, and Smith has contributed opinion pieces focused on US foreign policy and terror-related developments to major online and print news publications, including CNN.com, FoxNews.com and The Washington Times. For his collaboration with several hactivist groups involved with infiltrating Islamic State social media networks, in 2016, Fast Company magazine ranked Smith 14 on its list of the 100 Most Creative People in Business.
Thomas P.M. Barnett
Principal & Lead Geostrategist
Described by US News & World Report’s Michael Barone as “one of the most important strategic thinkers of our time,” Thomas P.M. Barnett has worked in U.S. national security circles since the end of the Cold War. An acclaimed American military geostrategist and globalization expert, from 1998-2004 he served as a Senior Strategic Researcher and Professor in the Warfare Analysis & Research Department, Center for Naval Warfare Studies, US Naval War College, Newport, RI. There, he taught and served — in a senior advisory role — with military and civilian leaders in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, Central Command, Special Operations Command, and Joint Forces Command. From November 2001 to June of 2003, Dr. Barnett was on temporary assignment as the Assistant for Strategic Futures, Office of Force Transformation (OFT), Office of the Secretary of Defense, where he worked with (then) OFT Director VADM Arthur K. Cebrowski, USN (Ret) on a cluster of strategic concepts that link change in the international security environment to the imperative of transforming US military capabilities to meet future threats. His world pioneering work on global futures as a Senior Strategic Researcher at the Decision Support Department under Vice Adm Arthur K. Cebrowski was later used by senior-most OSD officials following 9/11. He developed a famous PowerPoint brief on the subject of globalization and international security which became the basis of his New York Times-bestselling book, The Pentagon’s New Map: War and Peace in the Twenty-First Century (2004), the first in a series of three bestselling books on American geostrategic concerns. Dr. Barnett has also served as an analyst with the Center for Naval Analyses and as a visiting strategist at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. In addition to having authored three bestselling books, Dr. Barnett has written for Esquire, Foreign Policy, Wired, National Review, and the Washington Post, and has been interviewed by Rolling Stone, The Economist, Time, BBC World Service, CNN, Fox News and numerous foreign media. Today, he travels the world giving speeches and conducting his strategy work with both private- and public-sector enterprises. Apart from his work with Kronos he has amassed a number of other private-sector duties, including serving as the Chief Analyst for the online strategic community and “massively multiplayer online consultancy” Wikistrat.
Lead al-Qa’ida Analyst
Cynthia Storer was among the “Sisterhood” of analysts at CIA who first identified and warned about al-Qa’ida in the mid-1990s. Through their pioneering work focused on al-Qa’ida, the United States Intelligence Community developed the knowledge base leveraged by analysts and targeting officers who would eventually locate Usama bin Ladin in Abbottabad, Pakistan. This area of Storer’s work at CIA is covered at length in the Emmy Award-winning HBO documentary “Manhunt: The Search for bin Laden” (2013), in which she appears with a select group of America’s top al-Qa’ida experts and analysts. As an analyst at CIA, Storer also researched, wrote and briefed on Afghanistan, Islamic extremism, and various other matters of concern to national security managers tasked with identifying and diminishing a broad range of nontraditional threats. And in the years following the 9/11 attacks, Storer was among the senior analysts at CIA responsible for responding to the president’s requests for information on radical Islam and terrorism. Just before her departure from CIA, her original model for informing understandings of terrorism was listed among the “Best Ideas of 2006” in The New York Times magazine. Since leaving CIA, Storer has served as a fellow at the Center for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism (START) at the University of Maryland, provided analysis training and education to US federal state, and local agencies, taught university courses on intelligence and terrorism, and contributed to books on intelligence analysis and critical thinking. She is also presently consulting with the International Spy Museum in Washington, DC.
Chief Global Jihad Analyst
Ronald Sandee is an international security consultant and counter-terrorism professional who is recognized by Western governments as a top expert on al-Qa’ida and Affiliated Movements. After finishing his Master’s degree in 1995, Sandee was drafted into the Dutch Army and served in the headquarters of the Defense Intelligence and Security Service (DISS/MIVD) in The Hague (1996-2006). In the nearly eleven years he worked at the DISS Sandee held various high-ranking positions, including Senior Political Strategic Analyst for the Former Soviet Union desk, Lead Senior Political Analyst for the Afghanistan desk (2002-2003), Commander (Lt. Col) of the Dutch Intelligence Unit Kabul, Afghanistan (2003), Senior Political Strategic Analyst for Terrorism and Organized Crime (2003-2004), and Senior Counter Intelligence Analyst for Terrorism (2004-2006). In Afghanistan, Sandee established the Dutch Intelligence Unit attached to ISAF and served as an Intelligence Advisor to ISAF Commander Lt. Gen Norbert Van Heyst. Sandee left the DISS to become Director of Analysis and Research for The NEFA Foundation (2006-2012), a nonprofit research institute devoted to exposing the organizations and individuals who plan, fund, and commit acts of terrorism, with particular focus on radical Islamist elements. In recent years, Sandee has spoken at numerous conferences and seminars, and lectured at universities. He has briefed officials at NATO Headquarters, the French Military Intelligence (DRM) headquarters, Swiss Military Intelligence, and the Dutch National Coordinator for Counter-Terrorism in The Hague. His input on terror-related issues is frequently sought by US defense, intelligence, and law enforcement officials, and he has directly assisted members of the United States Congress and their staffs while serving as a Contributing Expert to the Congressional Anti-Terrorism Caucus.
Steven G. Merley
Chief Analyst, Global Networks of the Muslim Brotherhood
Steven G. Merley is an investigator and intelligence specialist. Since 1990, Merley has specialized in the investigation of political extremism. His early experience included the investigation of hate crimes and rightwing extremist groups in the American Southwest, and later collecting intelligence on militia groups operating throughout the US. Since September 11, 2001, Merley has been collecting and analyzing intelligence on the Muslim Brotherhood in Europe and the US. Clients for his work have included NGOs, US-based think tanks, documentary filmmakers, and The Wall Street Journal, and he has spoken at events sponsored by the US State Department, the European Parliament, British Parliament, and the Hudson Institute. He has also privately assisted Congressional staffers and US State Department counter-terrorism specialists. His work with The Wall Street Journal was used in a series of five articles on the European Muslim Brotherhood that appeared in the Journal during 2004. Merley is the author of numerous public and private investigative reports on the Muslim Brotherhood, and since 2007 he has operated and written two intelligence digests on the global Brotherhood that have been followed widely by USG entities, including the FBI, Justice Department, and numerous military agencies. He has traveled extensively in Europe, Russia, and the Middle East.
Aviv A. Oreg
Lead Facilities Security Support Program Consultant
Aviv A. Oreg is a veteran officer of the Israeli intelligence community. He possesses a Bachelor’s degree in Middle East studies from Tel Aviv University and a Master’s degree in political science from Queens College, New York. For about 25 years, he held senior positions in different institutions within the Israeli intelligence community and has led numerous counter-terrorism analysis and security-related projects and operations. Mr. Oreg covered the issue of the “Global Jihad” phenomenon and within it, its most dominating factor — the al-Qa’ida organization. His last position was the Head of the al-Qa’ida and Global Jihad desk within the Counter Terror arena in the Israeli Department of Military Intelligence (DMI). Additionally, for almost a decade, Mr. Oreg held a position as Senior Security Officer at El Al Airline in Tel Aviv Ben Gurion and New York JFK airports. In the summer of 2007, Mr. Oreg retired from the service. During that summer, he founded CeifiT and serves as the company’s president. CeifiT is an investigative consulting firm composed of veterans of the Israeli intelligence community. The company offers comprehensive research, analysis and counseling services. Led By Mr. Oreg, the CeifiT team has developed several professional training courses, designated for law enforcement officials and security personnel from different parts of the world, to equip them with necessary tools to spot early indicators of terrorism related threat and confront it. In November 2010, Mr. Oreg published as a co-author with Dr. Rohan Gunaratna a fundamental paper, titled “Al Qaeda’s Organizational Structure and its Evolution,” in Bruce Hoffman’s Studies in Conflict & Terrorism. Mr. Oreg is, in addition, the author of two chapters (Libya and Kuwait) in the 2011 World Almanac of Islamism.
Kronos Advisory, LLC
Established in 2011 by MajGen James E. Livingston, USMC (Ret) and Michael S. Smith II